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How do I calculate my emissions?

How do I calculate my emissions? The general equation for emission estimation is: E = A x EF x (1-ER/100) where: E = emissions, A = activity rate, EF = emission factor, and ER = overall emission reduction efficiency, %.

How do I calculate my air emissions?

The calculation tells us that the air emissions from any piece of equipment is equal to the activity rate (A) multiplied by the emission factor (EF), multiplied by one minus the control efficiency.

What is emission rate?

An emission intensity (also carbon intensity, C.I.) is the emission rate of a given pollutant relative to the intensity of a specific activity, or an industrial production process; for example grams of carbon dioxide released per megajoule of energy produced, or the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions produced to gross …

How is SOx emissions calculated?

SOx emission factors for each fuel can be computed from the following formula: … S = sulphur content of the fuel. H = thermal content of the fuel. r = mass fraction of sulfur retained in the ash.

How do you calculate food emissions?

The annual impact from eating a specific food is calculated by multiplying the impact of one serving of that food by the times it is eaten in a year, based on the weekly estimates submitted by the user. These are then compared with the emissions of other daily habits.

How do you calculate PM emissions?

Emission Rate [lb/hour]

For PM/PM10/PM2. 5 and particulate HAPs, use the following equation: Emission Rate [lb/hr] = maximum pollutant content [lb/gal] x maximum coating application rate [gal/hour] x (1-transfer efficiency)

How do you calculate GHG emissions?

The most common method is the Tier 1 Calculation Method: GHG emission = 0.001 * Fuel Usage * High heat value *Emission factor. You can get these values from the EPA’s GHG Reporting Program (GHGRP) documentation and your own records.

What is the difference between Scope 1/2 and 3 emissions?

Scope 1 covers direct emissions from owned or controlled sources. Scope 2 covers indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity, steam, heating and cooling consumed by the reporting company. Scope 3 includes all other indirect emissions that occur in a company’s value chain.

What is NOx and SOx emissions?

The two main pollutants from the ship’s emission are Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Sulphur oxides (SOx). … Both NOx and SOx are combustion products that are emitted in to the environment in the form of smoke. MARPOL Annex VI is strictly followed to have the air pollution under control limits.

What is NOx made up of?

Prompt NOx – Prompt NOx is formed from molecular nitrogen in the air combining with fuel in fuel-rich conditions which exist, to some extent, in all combustion. This nitrogen then oxidizes along with the fuel and becomes NOx during combustion, just like fuel NOx.

Do chickens contribute to global warming?

Studies show that beef production creates about four to eight times the emissions of pork, chicken or egg production per gram of protein, according to The New York Times. Although emitting much less, chicken production still has a significant greenhouse gas impact.

How do you calculate greenhouse gas emissions?

The most common method is the Tier 1 Calculation Method: GHG emission = 0.001 * Fuel Usage * High heat value *Emission factor. You can get these values from the EPA’s GHG Reporting Program (GHGRP) documentation and your own records.

What food has the highest carbon footprint?

Meat, cheese and eggs have the highest carbon footprint. Fruit, vegetables, beans and nuts have much lower carbon footprints. If you move towards a mainly vegetarian diet, you can have a large impact on your personal carbon footprint.

What is the emission factor for electricity?

The weighted average emission factor describes the average CO2 emitted per unit of elec- tricity generated in the grid. It is calculated by dividing the absolute CO2 emissions of all power stations by the total net generation.

How is SO2 calculated in wine?

Since 37 ppm is the amount of SO2 we want to add, let’s plug it in to the equation: . 037 x 3.785 x 5.5 (we have 5.5 gallons of wine) = 1.35 grams.

What are PM 10 emissions?

Two size ranges, known as PM10 and PM2. 5, are widely monitored, both at major emissions sources and in ambient air. PM10 includes particles that have aerodynamic diameters less than or equal to 10 micrometers (μm), approximately equal to one-seventh the diameter of human hair.

What is a natural source of PM?

Particulate matter (PM) is composed of solid and liquid particles in the air that are small enough to be inhaled. Natural sources of PM include sea salt, dust (such as airborne soil), and pollen, but it also includes material from volcanic eruptions and particles formed from natural gaseous precursors (eg sulphates).

What is meant by PM10?

Using a nationwide network of monitoring sites, EPA has developed ambient air quality trends for particle pollution, also called Particulate Matter (PM). PM10 describes inhalable particles, with diameters that are generally 10 micrometers and smaller.

How is annual emissions measured?

This chart shows the change in global greenhouse gas emissions over time. Greenhouse gases are measured in ‘carbon dioxide-equivalents’ (CO2e). Today, we collectively emit around 50 billion tonnes of CO2e each year. This is more than 40% higher than emissions in 1990, which were around 35 billion tonnes.

How you can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions at home?

How You Can Help Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions at Home

  1. Get a home energy audit. Take advantage of the free home energy audits offered by many utilities. …
  2. Use Renewable energy. …
  3. Purchase Solar Panels. …
  4. Buy Green Tags. …
  5. Purchase Carbon offsets. …
  6. Adjust your thermostat. …
  7. Install solar lights. …
  8. Use energy-saving light bulbs.

How are vehicle emissions measured?

Engine (emission) test cycles are sequences of speed and load conditions performed on a dynamometer. Emissions measured on chassis dynamometers are usually expressed in grams of pollutant per unit of traveled distance, e.g., g/km or g/mi.

What are the 15 categories of Scope 3 emissions?

Emission Source Categories Using Scope 1 and 2 Emission Factors

  • Upstream leased assets (Category 8)
  • Processing of sold products (Category 10)
  • Use of sold products (Category 11)
  • Downstream leased assets (Category 13)
  • Franchises (Category 14)
  • Investments (Category 15)

What are the 15 Scope 3 categories?

Guidance by Scope 3 Category

  • Category 6 – Business travel. …
  • Category 7 – Employee commuting. …
  • Category 8 – Upstream leased assets. …
  • Category 9 – Downstream transportation and distribution. …
  • Category 10 – Processing of sold products. …
  • Category 11 – Use of sold products. …
  • Category 12 – End-of-life treatment of sold products.

What are Scope 3 emissions examples?

Scope 3 emissions include employee travel and commuting. Scope 3 also includes emissions associated with contracted solid waste disposal and wastewater treatment. Some Scope 3 emissions can also result from transportation and distribution (T&D) losses associated with purchased electricity.



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