How do you identify a comma splice? When you join two independent clauses with a comma and no conjunction, it’s called a comma splice. Some people consider this a type of run-on sentence, while other people think of it as a punctuation error. Here’s an example of a comma splice: Koala bears are not actually bears, they are marsupials.
What’s a comma splice sentence?
Comma splices occur when two independent clauses are incorrectly joined with a comma. In other words, the words on each side of the comma could form their own sentence. There are several ways to correct comma splices. One of the easiest ways to correct comma splices is to create two separate sentences.
Is a comma splice wrong?
It is incorrect to join two independent clauses with a comma. This error is called a comma splice. For example: … « I went to the mall » is an independent clause that can stand alone as its own sentence.
How do you fix a comma splice sentence?
Five Ways to Fix a Run-on or Comma Splice
- Add a period and a capital letter. Add a period and a capital letter to separate the sentences. …
- Add a comma and a coordinating conjunction. Add a comma and a coordinating conjunction. …
- Add a semicolon. …
- Add a “transitional word” …
- Add a subordinating conjunction.
Do commas not join independent clauses?
Two independent clauses can also be joined into one compound sentence with a semicolon alone. … Thus, it can separate two independent clauses by itself; a comma cannot separate two independent clauses unless it is followed by a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS).
How do you avoid a comma splice?
Combining Clauses to Avoid Comma Splices, Run-ons, and Fragments
- OPTION 1:Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction.
- OPTION 2: Use a semicolon.
- OPTION 3: Use a semicolon, transition word, and comma.
- OPTION 1: Use a subordinating conjunction after the independent clause.
Where should you put a comma?
- Commas (Eight Basic Uses) …
- USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. …
- USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. …
- USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. …
- USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. …
- USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. …
- USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.
What is parallel sentence structure?
Parallel structure (also called parallelism) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. By making each compared item or idea in your sentence follow the same grammatical pattern, you create a parallel construction. Example Not Parallel: Ellen likes hiking, the rodeo, and to take afternoon naps.
Can a sentence have 3 independent clauses?
When we take two or more independent clauses and join them together, we form a compound sentence. We usually connect the clauses with a comma and a coordinating conjunction, but you can also join them with a semicolon. … Notice that there are three independent clauses in that example.
What contains an independent clause?
An independent clause contains a subject, a verb, and a complete thought. A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb, but no complete thought. … A SIMPLE SENTENCE has one independent clause.
Can a sentence have two commas?
You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. I think it’s crucial.
What is a fragmented sentence?
Fragments are incomplete sentences. Usually, fragments are pieces of sentences that have become disconnected from the main clause. One of the easiest ways to correct them is to remove the period between the fragment and the main clause. Other kinds of punctuation may be needed for the newly combined sentence.
What are the 8 rules for commas?
What are the 8 rules for commas?
- Use a comma to separate independent clauses.
- Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase.
- Use a comma between all items in a series.
- Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses.
- Use a comma to set off appositives.
- Use a comma to indicate direct address.
Does my sentence need a comma?
When an adverbial phrase begins a sentence, it’s often followed by a comma but it doesn’t have to be, especially if it’s short. As a rule of thumb, if the phrase is longer than about four words, use the comma. … But, if there is a chance of misreading the sentence, use the comma: Before eating the family said grace.
Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?
1. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. You may need to learn a few grammatical terms to understand this one.
What is parallelism give 5 examples?
In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. I like to jog, bake, paint, and watching movies. I like to jog, bake, paint, and watch movies.
What are 5 examples of repetition?
Examples of Repetition: Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow. « Oh, woeful, oh woeful, woeful, woeful day! « And miles to go before I sleep, and miles to go before I sleep. »
How do you know if a structure is parallel?
Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. This can happen at the word, phrase, or clause level. The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions such as « and » or « or. »
How do you join independent clauses?
To combine two independent clauses (complete sentences), use a semicolon or a comma and conjunction. To attach a dependent clause, use a comma if it comes before the independent clause; use no comma if it comes after the independent clause, unless it is a “contrast word” (although, though, even though, whereas).
How many independent clauses can you have in a sentence?
A SIMPLE SENTENCE has one independent clause. Punctuation note: NO commas separate two compound elements (subject, verb, direct object, indirect object, subjective complement, etc.)
How many clauses can a sentence have?
A simple sentence consists of only one clause. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses. A complex sentence has at least one independent clause plus at least one dependent clause. A set of words with no independent clause may be an incomplete sentence, also called a sentence fragment.
What are 5 examples of compound sentences?
5 Examples of Compound Sentences
- I want to lose weight, yet I eat chocolate daily.
- Michael did not like to read. She was not very good at it.
- Dr. Mark said I could come to his office on Friday or Saturday of next week.
- My favorite sport is skiing. I am vacationing in Hawaii this winter.
How do you identify an independent clause?
Independent Clause Defined
- They have a subject – they tell the reader what the sentence is about.
- They have an action or predicate – they tell the reader what the subject is doing.
- They express a complete thought – something happened or was said.
Where do I put a comma?
USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE.
Rule: Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. A comma tells readers that the introductory clause or phrase has come to a close and that the main part of the sentence is about to begin.
Is a comma a symbol?
Punctuation marks are symbols that are used to aid the clarity and comprehension of written language. Some common punctuation marks are the period, comma, question mark, exclamation point, apostrophe, quotation mark and hyphen.