What are the 4 major types of clouds?
The Four Core Types of Clouds
- Cirro-form. The Latin word ‘cirro’ means curl of hair. …
- Cumulo-form. Generally detached clouds, they look like white fluffy cotton balls. …
- Strato-form. From the Latin word for ‘layer’ these clouds are usually broad and fairly wide spread appearing like a blanket. …
How high up are rain clouds?
The prefix « nimbo- » or the suffix « -nimbus » are low-level clouds that have their bases below 2,000 meters (6,500 feet) above the Earth. Clouds that produce rain and snow fall into this category. (« Nimbus » comes from the Latin word for « rain. ») Two examples are the nimbostratus or cumulonimbus clouds.
What is the rarest cloud?
Most frequently, mammatus clouds are made up primarily of ice but in some cases they’ve been known to be a mixture of ice and liquid. Noctilucent clouds, also known as polar mesopheric clouds, are one of the rarest cloud formations there is. Their name noctilucent roughly means night shining in Latin.
What is a dark cloud called?
Nimbostratus clouds are dark, gray clouds that seem to fade into falling rain or snow. They are so thick that they often blot out the sunlight. Weather prediction: Gloomy with continuous rain or snow.
Is fog a cloud?
Fog is a cloud that touches the ground. … Fog shows up when water vapor, or water in its gaseous form, condenses. During condensation, molecules of water vapor combine to make tiny liquid water droplets that hang in the air. You can see fog because of these tiny water droplets.
Does it rain above the clouds?
No. If you are above the clouds, then the sky above you is free from droplets of condensed moisture. … Since rain forms when droplets of condensed moisture grow large enough to descend rapidly through the air, the absence of any condensed droplets makes it impossible for full raindrops to form.
How high up are the highest clouds?
- Noctilucent clouds, or night shining clouds, are tenuous cloud-like phenomena in the upper atmosphere of Earth. …
- They are the highest clouds in Earth’s atmosphere, located in the mesosphere at altitudes of around 76 to 85 km (249,000 to 279,000 ft).
Why are the bottoms of clouds flat?
A: Often low clouds, like stratus and cumulus, appear to have flat bases. These clouds form as air near the ground is rising. As the air rises it expands and cools. … So, as a layer of air near the ground rises, the height at which condensation occurs does not vary much and the cloud base height appears uniform.
What is the least common cloud?
Low-Level Clouds. Cumulus (Cu), Stratocumulus (Sc), Stratus (St), and Cumulonimbus (Cb) are low clouds composed of water droplets. Cumulonimbus, with its strong vertical updraft, extends well into the the high level of clouds.
Can a funnel cloud turn into a tornado?
Funnel clouds or ‘tuba’ are extending, spinning fingers of cloud that reach towards the ground, but never touch it. When they do reach the ground they become a tornado.
What do black clouds mean?
A: Very dark looking or black clouds are probably those that contain a lot of rain in them and part of a thunderstorm, McRoberts adds. « In general, the severity of a storm is related to cloud height, which is why dark clouds are usually an indicator of bad weather.
What is the highest cloud layer?
Cirrus clouds are the highest of all clouds and are composed entirely of ice crystals. Cirrus clouds are precipitating clouds, although the ice crystals evaporate high above the earth’s surface.
What do black clouds symbolize?
White clouds are associated with happy days, while dark clouds are often used by movie-makers and in our dreamscapes to indicate a more ominous feeling. … White is associated with purity, innocence and protection.
How can you tell the difference between clouds and fog?
Clouds can form at many different altitudes. They can be as high as 12 miles above sea level or as low as the ground. Fog is a kind of cloud that touches the ground. Fog forms when the air near the ground cools enough to turn its water vapor into liquid water or ice.
Is fog matter Yes or no?
They are called energy. All matter is normally a solid, a liquid or a gas ins its state. Many materials are a combination of things in different states. Things like fog, smoke, cheese, Styrofoam, and paint, are actually mixtures.
What’s the difference between fog and mist?
Fog and mist differ by how far you can see through them. Fog is when you can see less than 1,000 meters away, and if you can see further than 1,000 metres, we call it mist.
Why do planes fly at 38000 feet?
Due to lower resistance at higher altitudes, commercial airplanes can keep moving forward with minimal fuel expenditure. Commercial airplanes typically fly between 32,000 feet and 38,000 feet, with the sweet spot being approximately 35,000 feet, which is popularly referred to as cruising altitude.
Will there be rain if there are no clouds?
Because rain forms when droplets of condensed moisture grow large enough to descend quickly into the air, their absence can make it impossible for rain to occur. That means if there are no clouds overhead, rain cannot happen as well.
Can a plane fly over Mount Everest?
Tim Morgan, a commercial pilot writing for Quora says aircraft can fly above 40,000 feet, and hence it is possible to fly over Mount Everest which stands at 29,031.69 feet. However, typical flight routes do not travel above Mount Everest as the mountains create unforgiving weather.
How old is the oldest cloud on Earth?
Astronomers have discovered the largest and oldest mass of water ever detected in the universe — a gigantic, 12-billion-year-old cloud harboring 140 trillion times more water than all of Earth’s oceans combined.
Why can I see white clouds at night?
Blue-white clouds that eerily glow in the twilight sky are called noctilucent clouds, or NLCs. They typically form about 50 to 53 miles (80 and 85 kilometers) above ground in the atmosphere, at altitudes so high that they reflect light even after the sun has slipped below the horizon.
Why do clouds turn GREY?
When clouds are thin, they let a large portion of the light through and appear white. But like any objects that transmit light, the thicker they are, the less light makes it through. As their thickness increases, the bottoms of clouds look darker but still scatter all colors. We perceive this as gray.
Why do clouds float?
The water and ice particles in the clouds we see are simply too small to feel the effects of gravity. As a result, clouds appear to float on air. Clouds are composed primarily of small water droplets and, if it’s cold enough, ice crystals. … So the particles continue to float with the surrounding air.
What is the flat bottom of a cloud called?
As the air continues to rise, that first chunk of cloud gets pushed up as more cloud forms beneath, resulting in a cloud that’s puffy on top but flat on the bottom. That level is called the lifting condensation level (LCL) or convective condensation level (CCL), depending on the lifting mechanism.