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What are the 8 rules for commas?

What are the 8 rules for commas? What are the 8 rules for commas?

  • Use a comma to separate independent clauses.
  • Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase.
  • Use a comma between all items in a series.
  • Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses.
  • Use a comma to set off appositives.
  • Use a comma to indicate direct address.

Where do you put commas?

  1. Commas (Eight Basic Uses) …

How do you use multiple commas in a sentence?

You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. I think it’s crucial. Example: Growing up I had goats, chickens, turkeys, and geese.

Should I put comma before and?

1. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses.

How many commas are too many?

There is no right or wrong here. Comma or no comma after “too” is really up to you and the context of the paragraph where the “too” sentence is. If you want to emphasize your thought, you can add the comma to slow the sentence down. If no emphasis is necessary, then no comma is necessary.

Do I need commas in this sentence?

When an adverbial phrase begins a sentence, it’s often followed by a comma but it doesn’t have to be, especially if it’s short. As a rule of thumb, if the phrase is longer than about four words, use the comma.

How do you teach commas?

Begin your lessons with simple sentences and simple comma rules, like series. Start by giving your students examples of series, so they can easily identify them in a sentence. Have students practice adding commas to sentences with series in them. Have students practice writing serial sentences with correct commas!

Do you put a comma after in conclusion?

Concluding phrases and clauses are not punctuated with commas when they are restrictive or necessary to a complete understanding of the sentence. When they are non-restrictive, or may be de-emphasized, set them apart with commas.

What do multiple commas mean?

Officially, It’s a punctuation mark when you don’t finish a sentence completely. Used to shorten words or indicate silence, to omit a sentence or part of an article, or to show hesitation. But there is a lot of abuse on the Internet. For example, many people use multiple commas in every single situation…

What are the 4 types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.

What is the Oxford comma rule?

The Oxford comma is the comma placed before the conjunction at the end of a list of things. For example, in “the flag was red, white, and blue”, the Oxford comma would be the one appearing before “and”. Proponents of the Oxford comma say it’s necessary for removing ambiguity in sentences.

When listing three things do you use a comma?

Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

Do you always put a comma before and after a name?

The comma rule depicted here is simple: use a comma with the name of a person you are directly addressing. If the name comes first, it is followed by a comma: … If the name comes at the end of the sentence, the comma precedes the name: Stop jumping on the beds, boys.

What are the 5 Rules of commas?

Five Comma Rules

  • Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. …
  • Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause. …
  • Use a comma to separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor or, so, yet) …
  • Use a comma to separate items in a series.

How do you fix too many commas in a sentence?

If you feel you have too many commas, you do.

In places that are appropriate, make them separate sentences. The worse that can happen is that you cut it back too far, you can see that you have cut it back too far, and you put some of the commas back.

What is the sentence with the most commas?

Fun Fact: The longest sentence in the English language ends Jonathan Coe’s The Rotter’s Club, having 13,955 words and taking up 33 pages. Needless to say, there were commas involved.

How do you use commas examples?

Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

How do you fix a comma splice?

5 Easy Comma Splice Fixes

  1. Replace comma splices with semicolons (;). …
  2. Break the sentence up into two sentences. …
  3. Add a coordinating conjunction. …
  4. Combine the two clauses together to get rid of the comma. …
  5. Add a subordinate conjunction.

What is the rule for using commas?

Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. Use commas to separate two or more coordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Be sure never to add an extra comma between the final adjective and the noun itself or to use commas with non-coordinate adjectives.

What grade do you teach commas?

Usually in Year 3, but sometimes Year 4, children will be taught to punctuate direct speech using a comma. (This is when they are first taught to use inverted commas for speech.)

How do you punctuate then?

“Then” That Functions Like a Coordinating Conjunction

When “then” functions similarly to a coordinating conjunction, there should be a comma before it. Coordinating conjunctions join equal phrases, ideas, or parts of speech. For example, you should put a comma in the following sentence.

How do you use the word conclusion in a sentence?

1 In conclusion, I would like to thank … 2 In conclusion, I would like to say how much I have enjoyed myself today. 3 In conclusion, walking is a cheap, safe, enjoyable and readily available form of exercise. 4 In conclusion, I hope the preceding arguments have convinced you of the need for action.

Is perhaps followed by a comma?

The word perhaps is never followed by a comma, except in the rare case that it should follow a parenthetical element.

What does 3 commas in a row mean?

It is online slang, generally used to indicate a more emphasized trail-off, somewhat like a mixture between an ellipsis and comma, like you’d hear after saying « anyhow ». –

What do comma tattoos mean?

Commas separate two parts of a sentence, so a comma tattoo could imply that the owner has separated from someone or some other type of separation has affected their lives. Since most comma tattoos are smaller, it can be placed inside of other tattoos to keep the “separation” meaning a bit more private to the owner.

What commas are used for?

The comma functions as a tool to indicate to readers a certain separation of words, phrases, or ideas in order to prevent misreading the writer’s intended meaning. When a sentence is spoken aloud, a comma often represents a pause, which in verbal conversation functions to clarify meaning.



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