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What are the two essential characteristics of cartography?

What are the two essential characteristics of cartography? Scale, map projections, generalization, and symbolization are common to every map and are considered as basic characteristics of maps.

What is cartography in one word answer?

cartographer Add to list Share. … A cartographer is a person who creates maps, whether they’re of the world, the local bus routes, or buried pirate treasure. It comes to us from the Latin word charta-, which means “tablet or leaf of paper,” and the Greek word graphein, meaning to write or draw.

What are the principles of cartography?

Five primary design principles for cartography

Cartographers apply many design principles when compiling their maps and constructing page layouts. Five of the main design principles are legibility, visual contrast, figure-ground organization, hierarchical organization, and balance.

What are the four characteristics of a map?

There are four basic characteristics of a map that are distorted to some degree, depending on the map projection used. These characteristics include distance, direction, shape, and area.

What are the 5 characteristics of a map?

5 Elements of any Map

  • Title.
  • Scale.
  • Legend.
  • Compass.
  • Latitude and Longitude.

Who is the father of cartography?


was one of the pioneers of cartography and is widely considered the most notable figure of Netherlandish school of cartography in its golden age (approximately 1570s–1670s).

Gerardus Mercator
Education University of Leuven

What’s an example of cartography?

The definition of cartography is the making of maps or charts. An example of cartography is making an updated map of the world. … (uncountable) The creation of charts and maps based on the layout of a territory’s geography.

What is the nature of cartography?

Cartography or mapmaking is the study and practice of making maps. Map making involves the application of both scientific and artistic elements, combining graphic talents and specialised knowledge of compilation and design principles with available techniques for product generation.

What are the 9 elements of a map?

What are the 9 elements of a map?

  • Color. Use color to highlight the theme (main point of map).
  • Author. Write name, period, and due date in upper right hand corner.
  • Title. Have a creative title.
  • Scale. The scale of the map you create needs be relative and correlate to one another.
  • Date.
  • Orientation.
  • Legend.
  • Lables.

What are the basic elements of map?

Some maps have all eight elements while other maps may only contain a few of them.

  • Data Frame. The data frame is the portion of the map that displays the data layers. …
  • Legend. The legend serves as the decoder for the symbology in the data frame. …
  • Title. …
  • North Arrow. …
  • Scale. …
  • Citation.

What are the 7 elements of a map?

Terms in this set (7)

  • Title. Element #1.
  • Border. Element #2.
  • Legend or Key. Element #3.
  • Scale. Element #4.
  • Directions. Element #5.
  • Location of Area. Element #6.
  • Symbols. Element #7.

What are the main qualities of the map?

Characteristics of Maps:

  • A map is much smaller than the earth that it represents. Altitudes, Longitudes and Scales are very essential to draw maps. …
  • Every map should have a bold title on the top. …
  • Index or legend is necessary for every map. …
  • Maps are shaded with different colours also.

What is map characteristic?

A map is a symbolic representation of selected characteristics of a place, usually drawn on a flat surface. … They teach about the world by showing sizes and shapes of countries, locations of features, and distances between places. Maps can show distributions of things over Earth, such as settlement patterns.

What are the 6 features of a map?

They are- title, direction, legend(symbols), north areas, distance(scale), labels, grids and index, citation – which make it easier for people like us to understand the basic components of maps.

What are the three components of map?

There are three Components of Maps – distance, direction and symbol. Maps are drawings, which reduce the entire world or a part of it to fit on a sheet of paper. Or we can say maps are drawn to reduced scales.

What are the five basic elements of a map?

Map Elements. Most maps contain the same common elements: main body, legend, title, scale and orientation indicators, inset map, and source notes.

Who is the father of cartography in India?


produced some of the first accurate maps of Bengal at one inch to five miles as well as accurate outlines of India and served as Surveyor General of Bengal. Rennell has been called the Father of Oceanography.

James Rennell.


James Rennel
Spouse(s) Jane Thackeray ​ ( m. 1772⁠–⁠1810)​
Parent(s) John Rennell (father)

Who invented cartography?

Ancient Greeks created the earliest paper maps that were used for navigation, and to depict certain areas of the Earth. Anaximander was the first of the ancient Greeks to draw a map of the known world, and, as such, he is considered to be one of the first cartographers.

What is another word for cartography?

Cartography Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus.

What is another word for cartography?


physiography topology
earth science

Why is it called cartography?

The English term cartography is modern, borrowed from the French cartographie in the 1840s, itself based on Middle Latin carta « map ».

What are the 6 types of maps?

Some of the most common types are political, physical, topographic, climate, economic, and thematic maps.

What is nature and scope of cartography?

➢ Cartography (in Greek chartis =map and graphein =write) is the study and practice of making maps of the whole or part of the earth. ➢ It combines science, aesthetics, and technique, and is built on the premise that reality can be modelled in ways that communicate spatial information effectively.

What are the six basic features of a map?

They are- title, direction, legend(symbols), north areas, distance(scale), labels, grids and index, citation – which make it easier for people like us to understand the basic components of maps.

What are the types of map?

8 Different Types of Maps

  • Political Map. A political map shows the state and national boundaries of a place. …
  • Physical Map. …
  • Topographic Map. …
  • Climatic Map. …
  • Economic or Resource Map. …
  • Road Map. …
  • Scale of a Map. …
  • Symbols.

What are the major characteristics of map?

Some common features of maps include scale, symbols, and grids.

  • Scale. All maps are scale models of reality. …
  • Symbols. Cartographers use symbols to represent geographic features. …
  • Grids. …
  • Other Map Features: DOGSTAILS. …
  • Map Projections. …
  • Surveying and Remote Sensing. …
  • How Maps Are Made. …
  • Types of Maps.



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