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What is longitudinal wave in simple words?

What is longitudinal wave in simple words? Longitudinal wave, wave consisting of a periodic disturbance or vibration that takes place in the same direction as the advance of the wave. … Sound moving through air also compresses and rarefies the gas in the direction of travel of the sound wave as they vibrate back and forth.

What are the two types of waves?

Waves come in two kinds, longitudinal and transverse. Transverse waves are like those on water, with the surface going up and down, and longitudinal waves are like of those of sound, consisting of alternating compressions and rarefactions in a medium.

What is another word for longitudinal wave?

Longitudinal waves, also known as « l-waves », are waves in which the displacement of the medium is in the same direction as, or the opposite direction to, the direction of travel of the wave.

How do you describe a longitudinal wave?

Longitudinal waves are waves in which the vibration of the medium is parallel to the direction the wave travels and displacement of the medium is in the same (or opposite) direction of the wave propagation.

Why is sound a longitudinal wave?

Sound waves in air and fluids are longitudinal waves, because the particles that transport the sound vibrate parallel to the direction of the sound wave’s travel. If you push a slinky back and forth, the coils move in a parallel fashion (back and forth).


What are 4 parts of a wave?

Wave Crest: The highest part of a wave. Wave Trough: The lowest part of a wave. Wave Height: The vertical distance between the wave trough and the wave crest. Wave Length: The distance between two consecutive wave crests or between two consecutive wave troughs.

What are 4 types of waves?


Electromagnetic Wave

  • Microwaves.
  • X-ray.
  • Radio waves.
  • Ultraviolet waves.

What are the 7 types of waves?

The electromagnetic spectrum includes, from longest wavelength to shortest: radio waves, microwaves, infrared, optical, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma-rays. To tour the electromagnetic spectrum, follow the links below!

Is longitudinal vertical or horizontal?

As adjectives the difference between horizontal and longitudinal. is that horizontal is perpendicular to the vertical; parallel to the plane of the horizon; level, flat while longitudinal is relating to length, or to longitude.

What is another name for transverse wave?

Hence a transverse wave of this nature is called a shear wave. Since fluids cannot resist shear forces while at rest, propagation of transverse waves inside the bulk of fluids is not possible. In seismology, shear waves are also called secondary waves or S-waves.

What is a synonym for transverse wave?

In this page you can discover 32 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for transverse, like: thwart, crosswise, bent, intersecting, oblique, alternate, diagonal, horizontal, cross, pivot and shift.

What is the best definition for a longitudinal wave?

: a wave (such as a sound wave) in which the particles of the medium vibrate in the direction of the line of advance of the wave.

What are the properties of longitudinal waves?

Characteristics of Longitudinal Waves. As in the case of transverse waves the following properties can be defined for longitudinal waves: wavelength, amplitude, period, frequency and wave speed. However instead of peaks and troughs, longitudinal waves have compressions and rarefactions.

What is longitudinal wave Class 8?

Longitudinal waves are waves in which the displacement of the medium is in the same direction as, or the opposite direction to, the direction of propagation of the wave.

What is a longitudinal wave Class 9?

Longitudinal waves are waves in which the displacement of the medium is in the same direction as, or the opposite direction to, the direction of propagation of the wave.

Which material does sound travel fastest?

Of the three phases of matter (gas, liquid, and solid), sound waves travel the slowest through gases, faster through liquids, and fastest through solids.

What is the difference between longitudinal waves and transverse?

In longitudinal waves , the vibrations are parallel to the direction of wave travel. In transverse waves , the vibrations are at right angles to the direction of wave travel. Mechanical waves cause oscillations of particles in a solid, liquid or gas and must have a medium to travel through.

What are the 8 parts of waves?

The basic properties (parts) of a wave include: frequency, amplitude, wavelength and speed. Frequency is a measure of how many waves pass a point in a certain amount of time. The higher the frequency, the closer the waves are together and the greater the energy carried by the waves will be.

What is called wave height?

As is shown on the figure, wave height is defined as the height of the wave from the wave top, called the wave crest to the bottom of the wave, called the wave trough. The wave length is defined as the horizontal distance between two successive crests or troughs.

What are the 5 properties of waves?

There are many properties that scientists use to describe waves. They include amplitude, frequency, period, wavelength, speed, and phase. Each of these properties is described in more detail below. When drawing a wave or looking at a wave on a graph, we draw the wave as a snapshot in time.

What are the major types of waves?

There are two basic types of wave motion for mechanical waves: longitudinal waves and transverse waves. The animations below demonstrate both types of wave and illustrate the difference between the motion of the wave and the motion of the particles in the medium through which the wave is travelling.

How are waves being classified?

Waves may be classified according to the direction of vibration relative to that of the energy transfer. … A wave may be a combination of types. Water waves in deep water are mainly transverse. However, as they approach a shore they interact with the bottom and acquire a longitudinal component.

What are the 3 kinds of waves?

One way to categorize waves is on the basis of the direction of movement of the individual particles of the medium relative to the direction that the waves travel. Categorizing waves on this basis leads to three notable categories: transverse waves, longitudinal waves, and surface waves.

What are the 7 types of electromagnetic waves and their uses?


What are the 7 types of electromagnetic waves and their uses

  • Radio waves: Communication.
  • Microwaves: Heating and data transmission.
  • Infrared waves: Used in remote control and imaging applications.
  • Visible light: Help us see everything around us.
  • Ultraviolet Waves: Useful in the study of galaxies.

What is the most useful electromagnetic wave?

The different types of waves have different uses and functions in our everyday lives. The most important of these is visible light, which enables us to see. Radio waves have the longest wavelengths of all the electromagnetic waves. They range from around a foot long to several miles long.

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