What is the scientific name of oxygen? Oxygen is the chemical element with the symbol O and atomic number 8. … After hydrogen and helium, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe by mass. At standard temperature and pressure, two atoms of the element bind to form dioxygen, a colorless and odorless diatomic gas with the formula O2.
Why is it called water?
The word water comes from Old English wæter, from Proto-Germanic *watar (source also of Old Saxon watar, Old Frisian wetir, Dutch water, Old High German wazzar, German Wasser, vatn, Gothic (wato), from Proto-Indo-European *wod-or, suffixed form of root *wed- (« water »; « wet »).
Who is founder of oxygen?
Joseph Priestley (1733-1804) — Unitarian minister, teacher, author, and natural philosopher — was the Earl of Shelburne’s librarian and tutor to his sons. In this room, then a working laboratory, Priestley pursued his investigations of gases. On 1 August 1774 he discovered oxygen.
Who invented the water?
Who discovered the water? It was the chemist Henry Cavendish (1731 – 1810), who discovered the composition of water, when he experimented with hydrogen and oxygen and mixed these elements together to create an explosion (oxyhydrogen effect).
What is the Earth called the water planet?
Earth is rightfully called a water-world: far more than half of our planet is covered in water. There’s also water underground, in rivers, and in the atmosphere. Collectively, all of this water forms Earth’s hydrosphere.
How many forms of water are there?
What Are The Three Forms Of Water. Pure water is tasteless, odorless and colorless. Water can occur in three states: solid (ice), liquid or gas (vapor).
What is the origin name of oxygen?
Periodic Table app
|Discovered by||Joseph Priestley in Wiltshire, England and independently by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in Uppsala, Sweden|
|Origin of the name||
comes from the Greek ‘oxy genes’, meaning acid forming
What level is normal oxygen?
Your blood oxygen level is measured as a percentage—95 to 100 percent is considered normal. “If oxygen levels are below 88 percent, that is a cause for concern,” said Christian Bime, MD, a critical care medicine specialist with a focus in pulmonology at Banner – University Medical Center Tucson.
Who invented plastic?
A key breakthrough came in 1907, when Belgian-American chemist Leo Baekeland created Bakelite, the first real synthetic, mass-produced plastic.
Is bottled water sterile?
Researchers found the bottled variety is subject to far less-stringent safety tests than tap water and is much more likely to be contaminated or become a source of infection. … After a bottle of water is opened it has no way of remaining sterile and so must be drunk within days. It can cost up to thousands more.
Why is bottled water bad?
The primary risk associated with drinking bottled water is the fact that you can be exposed to harmful toxins from the plastic. … BPA and other plastic toxins can then make their way into your bloodstream, which can cause a host of problems including various cancers as well as liver and kidney damage.
Which planet Cannot support life?
4) The planet that cannot support life is mercury . Planet mercury being closest to the sun has extremely high temperature on it making the survival of life impossible . Moreover , Mercury does not have water on its surface and there is no carbon dioxide , hydrogen , nitrogen and oxygen in its atmosphere .
What planet is Earth’s sister?
Venus is the second planet from the Sun and is Earth’s closest planetary neighbor. It’s one of the four inner, terrestrial (or rocky) planets, and it’s often called Earth’s twin because it’s similar in size and density.
Why is Earth called blue or watery planet?
Planet Earth has been called the « Blue Planet » due to the abundant water on its surface. Here on Earth, we take liquid water for granted; after all, our bodies are mostly made of water. However, liquid water is a rare commodity in our solar system. … Liquid water covers most of the surface of our planet.
What are the 3 forms of water?
Water exists in many forms, such as a liquid, a solid, as in snow and ice, underneath the land surface as groundwater, and in the atmosphere, as in clouds and invisible water vapor.
What are the major water forms?
The world’s water exists naturally in different forms and locations: in the air, on the surface, below the ground and in the oceans. Just 2.5% of the Earth’s water is freshwater, and most is frozen in glaciers and ice sheets. About 96% of all liquid freshwater can be found underground.
What are three uses of water?
Direct purposes include bathing, drinking, and cooking, while examples of indirect purposes are the use of water in processing wood to make paper and in producing steel for automobiles. The bulk of the world’s water use is for agriculture, industry, and electricity.
Is oxygen a metal or nonmetal?
Oxygen, carbon, sulfur and chlorine are examples of non-metal elements. Non-metals have properties in common. They are: poor conductors of heat and electricity (they are insulators )
What are 3 uses for oxygen?
Common uses of oxygen include production of steel, plastics and textiles, brazing, welding and cutting of steels and other metals, rocket propellant, oxygen therapy, and life support systems in aircraft, submarines, spaceflight and diving.
What is the Colour of oxygen?
|fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl)||green|
|bromine (Br)||dark red|
Is 94 blood oxygen level low?
Normal arterial oxygen is approximately 75 to 100 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Values under 60 mm Hg usually indicate the need for supplemental oxygen. Normal pulse oximeter readings usually range from 95 to 100 percent. Values under 90 percent are considered low.
What is normal oxygen level by age?
Oxygen levels ranging from 95% to 100% are considered normal in the elderly. Once the corona is formed, it is necessary to periodically check the oxygen level. The risk increases in the elderly when oxygen levels are less than 95%. It is very important for the elderly to have an oxygen level of more than 95%.
Is oxygen level of 92 bad?
People who are breathing normal, who have relatively healthy lungs (or asthma that is under control), will have a blood oxygen level of 95% to 100%. Anything between 92% and 88%, is still considered safe and average for someone with moderate to severe COPD.
What are the 7 types of plastic?
The Basics On 7 Common Types of Plastic
- 1) Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET or PETE)
- 2) High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
- 3) Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or Vinyl)
- 4) Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE)
- 5) Polypropylene (PP)
- 6) Polystyrene (PS or Styrofoam)
- 7) Other.
Why did we create plastic?
Plastics could protect the natural world from the destructive forces of human need. The creation of new materials also helped free people from the social and economic constraints imposed by the scarcity of natural resources. Inexpensive celluloid made material wealth more widespread and obtainable.
Why is plastic harmful?
Chemicals added to plastics are absorbed by human bodies. … Plastic debris, laced with chemicals and often ingested by marine animals, can injure or poison wildlife. Floating plastic waste, which can survive for thousands of years in water, serves as mini transportation devices for invasive species, disrupting habitats.