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What is Zellweger’s disease?

What is Zellweger’s disease? What is Zellweger syndrome? Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is a genetic disorder found in newborn babies. ZS is the most severe of the four disorders in the Zellweger spectrum. It causes serious problems with nerves and metabolism (changing food into energy) soon after birth. ZS affects the brain, liver and kidneys.

What are the seven killer diseases?


Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .

  1. Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. …
  2. Stroke. …
  3. Lower respiratory infections. …
  4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. …
  5. Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. …
  6. Diabetes mellitus.

What is Carpenter’s syndrome?

Carpenter syndrome is a condition characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones (craniosynostosis), abnormalities of the fingers and toes, and other developmental problems. Craniosynostosis prevents the skull from growing normally, frequently giving the head a pointed appearance (acrocephaly).

Is Zellweger syndrome treatable?

There is no cure for Zellweger syndrome, nor is there a standard course of treatment. Since the metabolic and neurological abnormalities that cause the symptoms of Zellweger syndrome are caused during fetal development, treatments to correct these abnormalities after birth are limited.

What is the deadliest pandemic?


Here’s how five of the world’s worst pandemics finally ended.

  • Plague of Justinian—No One Left to Die. …
  • Black Death—The Invention of Quarantine. …
  • The Great Plague of London—Sealing Up the Sick. …
  • 5 Myths About Slavery.
  • Smallpox—A European Disease Ravages the New World. …
  • Cholera—A Victory for Public Health Research.

What are the six killer diseases?

Of great importance to public and child health are the vaccines against the so-called six killer diseases of childhood-measles, pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, tuberculosis and poliomyelitis.

What are the 6 childhood diseases?


Childhood Diseases: Measles, Mumps, & More

  • The Facts on Childhood Illnesses. There are so many childhood diseases, infectious and noninfectious, that it would be impossible to list them all here. …
  • Bronchiolitis. …
  • Ear Infections. …
  • Glue Ear. …
  • Croup. …
  • Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease. …
  • Pinkeye. …
  • Fifth Disease.

What is Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome?

Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by physical abnormalities affecting the fingers and toes (digits) and the head and facial (craniofacial) area.

What is Wolfram syndrome?

Summary. Wolfram syndrome is an inherited condition that is typically associated with childhood-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and progressive optic atrophy. In addition, many people with Wolfram syndrome also develop diabetes insipidus and sensorineural hearing loss.

What is a peroxisomal disorder?

Peroxisomal disorders are a heterogeneous group of inborn errors of metabolism that result in impairment of peroxisome function. In most cases, this results in neurologic dysfunction of varying extent.

Who discovered Zellweger?

Zellweger syndrome, congenital disorder characterized by complete absence or reduction in the number of peroxisomes in cells. In the mid-1960s Swiss American pediatrician Hans Zellweger described the familial disorder among siblings; the syndrome was later named for him in recognition of his discovery.

What is a pandemic?

A pandemic is the spread of a new disease around the world. … Before calling a disease a pandemic, experts consider these things: How far has it spread? A pandemic is when an illness spans many countries or continents, or over a wide area.

How did Black Death End?

The most popular theory of how the plague ended is through the implementation of quarantines. The uninfected would typically remain in their homes and only leave when it was necessary, while those who could afford to do so would leave the more densely populated areas and live in greater isolation.

Is the Black Death still around?

An outbreak of the bubonic plague in China has led to worry that the “Black Death” could make a significant return. But experts say the disease isn’t nearly as deadly as it was, thanks to antibiotics.

What are the five killer diseases?

This paper highlights five killer diseases-diarrhoea, measles, whooping cough, tetanus and fever.

Which disease is the rarest?


Five rare diseases you never knew existed

  1. Stoneman Syndrome. Frequency: one in two million people. …
  2. Alice In Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) Frequency: currently unknown. …
  3. Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) Frequency: one in four million. …
  4. Alkaptonuria. …
  5. Chronic Focal Encephalitis (Rasmussen’s Encephalitis)

What are the 14 serious childhood diseases?


Vaccination protects against these 14 diseases, which used to be prevalent in the United States.

  • #1. Polio. Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease that is caused by poliovirus. …
  • #2. Tetanus. …
  • #3. The Flu (Influenza) …
  • #4. Hepatitis B. …
  • #5. Hepatitis A. …
  • #6. Rubella. …
  • #7. Hib. …
  • #8. Measles.

What are 5 common childhood illnesses?


7 common illnesses in childhood (and what to do about them)

  • Coughs, colds and flu. Your child’s nose is dribbling. …
  • Asthma. Asthma is a common lung condition that often begins in childhood. …
  • Bronchiolitis. …
  • Gastroenteritis. …
  • Ear infection. …
  • Chickenpox. …
  • Conjunctivitis.

Which is the first disease?

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) may well be the oldest pathogen to haveinfected humankind. Modern humans (or homo sapiens) emerged out of the “hominid” group almost two million years ago, and began wandering out of Africa about 70,000 years ago to populate the world.

What is Acrocallosal syndrome?

Acrocallosal syndrome is a rare condition characterized by a brain abnormality called agenesis of the corpus callosum, the presence of extra fingers and toes (polydactyly), and distinctive facial features.

What disease is associated with peroxisomes?

Peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) include the

Zellweger syndrome spectrum (PBD-ZSD)

and rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata type 1 (RCDP1).



Peroxisome biogenesis disorders.

Name
Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy
OMIM 202370
Gene PEX5, PEX1, PEX10, PEX13, PEX26
ICD-10 E71.331

What is infantile Refsum disease?

Definition. Infantile Refsum disease (IRD) is a medical condition within the Zellweger spectrum of perixisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs), inherited genetic disorders that damage the white matter of the brain and affect motor movements. PBDs are part of a larger group of disorders called the leukodystrophies.

What is ALD birth defect?

Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a rare genetic condition that causes the buildup of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) in the brain. When VLCFAs accumulate, they destroy the protective myelin sheath around nerve cells, responsible for brain function.

Can Zellweger syndrome be prevented?

How can Zellweger spectrum disorder be prevented? Genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis: PBD are heterogeneous, autosomal recessive disorders. Carriers (heterozygotes with one mutant and one normal allele) are healthy.

What is Cerebrohepatorenal syndrome?

Cerebrohepatorenal syndrome: A genetic disorder, which is also called the Zellweger syndrome, characterized by the reduction or absence of peroxisomes (cell structures that rid the body of toxic substances) in the cells of the liver, kidneys, and brain.

What is neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy?

Neonatal Adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD) is a leukodystrophy that causes damage to the myelin sheath, an insulating membrane that surrounds nerve cells in the brain (white matter). NALD also affects the adrenal glands and the testes.

References

 

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