Sign Up

Sign In

Forgot Password

Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email.

You must login to ask question.

Sorry, you do not have a permission to add a post.

Please briefly explain why you feel this question should be reported.

Please briefly explain why you feel this answer should be reported.

What are the 4 types of sedimentation process?

What are the 4 types of sedimentation process? Type 1 – Dilutes, non-flocculent, free-settling (every particle settles independently.) Type 2 – Dilute, flocculent (particles can flocculate as they settle). Type 3 – Concentrated suspensions, zone settling, hindered settling (sludge thickening). Type 4 – Concentrated suspensions, compression (sludge thickening).

What are the steps in water treatment?

Community Water Treatment

  1. Coagulation and Flocculation. Coagulation and flocculation are often the first steps in water treatment. …
  2. Sedimentation. During sedimentation, floc settles to the bottom of the water supply, due to its weight. …
  3. Filtration. …
  4. Disinfection.

What is sedimentation example?

Sedimentation is a process of settling down of the heavier particles present in a liquid mixture. For example, in a mixture of sand and water, sand settles down at the bottom. This is sedimentation. … When water is separated from the mixture of sand and water, it is decantation.

How many types of sedimentation are there?

The chapter discusses the three distinct types of sedimentation—namely, discrete settling, flocculent settling, and zone settling.

What are the factors affecting sedimentation?

Factors that affect the sedimentation process include the shape and size of particles, the density of particles, water temperature, particle charge, dissolved substances in the water, environmental effects, and characteristics of the basin.

What are the 6 steps in water treatment?

These include: (1) Collection ; (2) Screening and Straining ; (3) Chemical Addition ; (4) Coagulation and Flocculation ; (5) Sedimentation and Clarification ; (6) Filtration ; (7) Disinfection ; (8) Storage ; (9) and finally Distribution.

What is the most important step in water treatment?

It is, however, an important primary step in the water treatment process, because coagulation removes many of the particles, such as dissolved organic carbon, that make water difficult to disinfect. Because coagulation removes some of the dissolved substances, less chlorine must be added to disinfect the water.

What are the chemicals used in water treatment?

The most commonly used chemicals for water treatment process are:

  • Algicide.
  • Chlorine.
  • Chlorine dioxide.
  • Muriatic acid.
  • Soda ash or Sodium bicarbonate.

What is the basic principle of sedimentation?

Sedimentation principle. In a solution, particles whose density is higher than that of the solvent sink (sediment), and particles that are lighter than it float to the top. The greater the difference in density, the faster they move. If there is no difference in density (isopyknic conditions), the particles stay steady …

What is the best example of sedimentation?

For example, sand and silt can be carried in suspension in river water and on reaching the sea bed deposited by sedimentation; if buried, they may eventually become sandstone and siltstone (sedimentary rocks) through lithification.

Where is sedimentation used in daily life?

Sedimentation is process in which particle tends to settle down at the bottom of water body . Example of sedimentation are :- tea leaves settling down on cup of tea, soil settling in pond water etc. Decantation is the separation process of two immiscible liquid mixture or solid and liquid mixtures.

What is sedimentation short answer?

The process of particles settling to the bottom of a body of water is called sedimentation. … Layers of sediment in rocks from past sedimentation show the action of currents, reveal fossils, and give evidence of human activity. Sedimentation can be traced back to the Latin sedimentum, « a settling or a sinking down. »

What is primary sedimentation tank?

Primary Sedimentation Tank • Purpose is removal of readily settleable solids and floating material from wastewater • Usually give 50-70% suspended solids removal efficiency and 25-40% BOD removal (for municipal sewage) • Rectangular or circular sedimentation tanks are used – Two or more cylindrical or rectangular …

What are the different types of sedimentation tank?

Types of Sedimentation Tanks

  • Based on methods of operation.
  • Based on shape.
  • Based on location.
  • Fill and Draw Type Sedimentation Tank.
  • Continuous Flow Type Sedimentation Tank.
  • Horizontal flow type sedimentation tank.
  • Vertical flow type sedimentation tank.
  • Circular Tank.

How does temperature affect sedimentation?

The rate of sedimentation typically doubles for a 20°C rise in temperature. At higher temperatures (>50°C), sedimentation becomes difficult. This is due to increase in solubility of the carbonates. … Thus, sedimentation rates in Zn2+ depends strongly on temperature.

What are the sedimentation parameters?

Suspensions  Important parameters of sedimentaion-Volume of sediment F=0.5 F=1.0 F=1.5 F={volume of sediment Vu}/{original volume Vo} •Vo •Vu •Vo •Vu Sedimentation volume: is the ratio of the ultimate volume of sediment (Vo) to the original volume of suspension before settling (Vu).

What are the 10 sources of water?

These are the different types of water sources around the globe and how they each play a role in what comes out of your home’s sink.

  • Surface Water Resources. …
  • Groundwater Resources. …
  • Stormwater Resources. …
  • Wastewater Resources. …
  • Saltwater Resources. …
  • Ice Cap Water Resources.

What are the two main steps used to treat water from lakes?

Filtration – the water is sprayed onto specially-prepared layers of sand and gravel. As it trickles through, smaller insoluble particles are removed. The filter beds are cleaned periodically by pumping clean water backwards through the filter. Chlorination – chlorine gas is injected into the water to sterilise it.

What materials Cannot be removed from wastewater?

When wastewater arrives at the treatment plant, it contains many solids that cannot be removed by the wastewater treatment process. This can include rags, paper, wood, food particles, egg shells, plastic, and even toys and money.

What is primary treatment of water?

Primary treatment removes material that will either float or readily settle out by gravity. It includes the physical processes of screening, comminution, grit removal, and sedimentation.

What are coagulants in water treatment?

In water treatment, coagulants are used to remove a wide variety of hazardous materials from water, ranging from organic matter and pathogens, to inorganics and toxic materials, like arsenic, chemical phosphorous and fluoride.

What chlorine is used in water treatment?

The three most common chlorine-containing substances used in water treatment are chlorine gas, sodium hypochlorite, and calcium hypochlorite. The choice of the chlorine type to be used often depends on cost, on the available storage options and on the pH conditions required.

How much chlorine is used in water treatment?

The typical amount of chlorine gas required for water treatment is 1-16 mg/L of water. Different amounts of chlorine gas are used depending on the quality of water that needs to be treated.

Which are two chemicals used to purify water answers?

The two chemicals used in the disinfection of water are chlorine and ozone.



Leave a comment