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# What is synchronous speed of turbine?

What is synchronous speed of turbine? The synchronous speed is the speed of the revolution of the magnetic field in the stator winding of the motor. It is the speed at which the electromotive force is produced by the alternating machine. … The table below gives the number of poles and synchronous speeds for a power frequency of 50 hertz.

## Why starters are used in induction motor?

⇒ The starter is a device which is basically used to limit the starting current by supplying reduced voltage to the motor at the time of starting. From the expression of rotor current it can be seen that the current at start can be controlled by : By reducing the supply voltage at the time starting.

## What is called synchronous speed?

: a definite speed for an alternating-current machine that is dependent on the frequency of the supply circuit because the rotating member passes one pair of poles for each alternation of the alternating current.

## What is synchronous speed?

Synchronous speed is a significant parameter for the rotating magnetic field-type AC motor. It is determined by the frequency and the number of magnetic poles. A collective name for the motors that run at the synchronous speed is the synchronous motor.

## What is relation between synchronous speed and frequency?

The synchronous speed of the motor can be changed by changing the number of poles or by changing the frequency .

Synchronous speed Formula.

No. of Poles Frequency (50 Hz) Frequency(60 Hz)
2 3000 3600
4 1500 1800
6 1000 1200
8 750 900

• Nov 19, 2019

## What are the starting methods of induction motor?

Reduced voltage method for starting squirrel cage induction motor

• Stator resistor starting method.
• Auto transformer staring method.
• Star delta starting method.

## What are 3 types of motor controls?

There are mainly there are three types of motor control circuits:

• Direct On Line Starter (DOL starter)
• Star Delta Starter.
• Auto Transformer Starter.

## What are the types of induction motor?

Induction motors are classified into two types namely single phase induction motor and three-phase induction motor. As their name suggests, a 1-phase induction motor is connected to a single-phase AC power supply whereas the 3-phase induction motor can be connected to a three-phase AC power supply.

## What is slip formula?

If the revolving magnetic flux’s synchronous speed & the speed of rotor are Ns & Nr in the motor, then the speed among them can be equivalent to (Ns – Nr). So, slip can be determined as. S = (Ns – Nr) / Ns.

## What is synchronous and asynchronous speed?

The synchronous motor is a type of AC motor that runs at synchronous speed. The asynchronous motor is a type of AC motor that runs on speed less than the synchronous speed. It operates on the principle of magnetic interlocking between rotor and stator field.

## What are the types of synchronous motor?

Synchronous motors can be classified into two types based on how the rotor is magnetized .

This type of synchronous motor is divided into three categories and is available in three designs, each of which has unique features:

• Hysteresis Synchronous Motors.
• Reluctance Synchronous Motors.
• Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors.

## What is the difference between synchronous speed and rotor speed?

Induction motor with squirrel cage rotor has two different speeds. The synchronous speed refers to the stator rotating magnetic field, which depends on the number of poles and frequency. The other speed is the rotor’s. The rotor speed will be always slower than the stator speed, we call it slip.

## What is the relation between speed and frequency of induction motor?

The synchronous speed of the rotor in RPM N = 120f/P where f is the frequency of the stator current and P is the number of poles. The operating speed No = N – Ns where Ns is the slip speed. The frequency of the rotor current fr = Ns x P/120, so fr = 0 if the slip is zero.

## Does changing frequency affect current?

In an inductive circuit, when frequency increases, the circuit current decreases and vice versa.

## Which is the cheapest method of starting 3 phase induction motor?

Direct on line starter is the simplest and inexpensive methods among all other methods for starting induction motor. DOL starter is connected directly between the supply and motor terminal.

## Why the starting current is high in induction motor?

This high current in the rotor will create its own magnetic field which opposes the main stator magnetic field, this weakens the stator magnetic field so the back EMF in the stator will drop and the supply voltage will be much higher than the stator back EMF and so the supply current increases to a high value.

## What are the methods of speed control of induction motor?

The speed controls of three phase induction motor from rotor side are further classified as: Adding external resistance on rotor side . Cascade control method.

Synchronous Speed

• V / f control or frequency control.
• Changing the number of stator poles.
• Controlling supply voltage.
• Adding rheostat in the stator circuit.

## How is a motor controlled?

A motor controller is a device or set of devices that help in regulating the manner in which a motor works. … The controller is also able to engage the motor into forward or reverse rotation as well as regulating and limiting the rotary speed, torque, and protecting against electrical fails and overloads.

## Can a DC motor run on AC?

In fact, DC Series can run on both AC and DC supply. But the original AC series motor has the different construction from a DC series motor. Because of the manufacturer design the AC Series motor to reduce losses.

## Which switch is used for the automatic control of the motor?

Also known as two-wire circuits , automatic control circuits can be controlled manually from simple two-wire ON/OFF toggle switches or any number of two-wire pilot devices such as temperature switches or float switches.

## What are the 2 types of induction motor?

Single-phase induction motors and three-phase induction motors are the two main types of induction motors.

## What are the main parts of induction motor?

Parts of Induction Motors

• Stator. The stator is the stationary portion of the motor and delivers a rotating magnetic field to interact with the rotor. …
• Rotor. The rotor is the central component of the motor, and is fixed to the shaft. …
• Shaft. The motor shaft is fixed within the rotor, and rotates with it. …
• Bearings. …
• Casing.

## What is the basic principle of induction motor?

Working Principle of Induction Motor

The motor which works on the principle of electromagnetic induction is known as the induction motor. The electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon in which the electromotive force induces across the electrical conductor when it is placed in a rotating magnetic field.

## How is slip of Ship calculated?

Calculate the value of the propeller slip during this period. ( A nautical mile equals 1852 m.) Soln: Slip (percent) = Engine distance – ship’s distance/ Engine’s distance X 100. Engine distance = Pitch X RPM X 60 X 24 / 1852.

## What is the slip?

Slip is the differentiation between synchronous and asynchronous speed. … The difference between the synchronous speed of the electric motor magnetic field, and the shaft rotating speed is slip – measured in RPM or frequency. Slip increases with increasing load – providing a greater torque.

## What is the slip frequency?

Slip frequency can be measured by determining the phase angle traversed in a defined period. … For example, with a slip setting of 2 seconds (0.055 Hz) and slip frequency of 0.04 Hz, an angle of approx 29° (elec) is traversed before synchronising is permitted, as shown in Fig 12.15.