Sign Up

Sign In

Forgot Password

Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email.

You must login to ask question.

Sorry, you do not have a permission to add a post.

Please briefly explain why you feel this question should be reported.

Please briefly explain why you feel this answer should be reported.

Which elements are essential for the growth of pollen tube?

Which elements are essential for the growth of pollen tube? Boron (B) is an essential microelement of trace element, which is required for pollen germination, good growth of pollen tube and fertilisation.

What is the fate of pollen tube after fertilization?

Once the pollen tube reaches its destination, it discharges the two sperm cells into the embryo sac and double fertilization takes place. One of the sperm cells fuses with the egg cell (this will develop into the embryo); the other will fuse with the central cell to make the endosperm (Figure 1B).

Where do the pollen germinate naturally?

The pollen grains germinate naturally on the stigma of compatible flower. They develop pollen tubes that helps to deliver sperm nuclei inside the embryo sac where fertilization takes place.

What is the function of pollen tube?

The pollen tube (PT) is a unique and specialized structure in plants. Its sole purpose is to deliver sperm cells to the female gametophyte for double fertilization. Essentially, it is a thread–like structure spanning from the pollen shell toward the tip.

Which one of the following helps in pollen germination?

Boron is an important micronutrient for plant. It is required for calcium metabolism, pollen germination, cell differentiation, carbohydrate transport, root nodulation, synthesis of pectin, proteins and nucleic acids, membrane functions, cell elongation and cell differentiation.

What happens to flower after fertilization?

After fertilization the flower withers. The sepals and the petals dry up, the ovary converts into fruit, the ovule forms the seed and the zygote forms the embryo which is enclosed in the seed.

What tube does pollen travel through?

Pollen tubes enter the top of the pistil through the stigma and travel down the style to the ovules which are contained in the ovary at the base of the pistil.

What is fertilization in plants for Class 5?

In plants, fertilization is a process of sexual reproduction, which occurs after pollination and germination. Fertilization can be defined as the fusion of the male gametes (pollen) with the female gametes (ovum) to form a diploid zygote. It is a physicochemical process which occurs after the pollination of the carpel.

How long is pollen active?

Out in the open, pollen may be viable for one or two weeks under normal conditions. However, when frozen and sealed, it can last up to a year and even longer. Pollen is more unstable than seed and even under the most optimal conditions, it isn’t expected to have as long of a shelf life.

What happens during pollen germination?

Fertilization occurs at anthesis, when the ovules are mature and the stigma is receptive for pollen germination. Pollen grains germinate on the stigma and the pollen tubes grow into the ovary through the transmitting tract (Kandasamy, Nasrallah, & Nasrallah, 1994).

What is the pollen viability?

Pollen viability is the ability of pollen to effect fertilization and consequent development of fruit and seed; therefore fruit set and seed set form the most authentic test for pollen viability. Seed set is determined following con- trolled pollinations of stigma compatible with the test pollen samples.

What is the main function of pollen?

Pollen is essential for sexual reproduction of flowering plants and plants that produce cones. Each pollen grain contains male gametes necessary for fertilisation. The scientific study of living and fossilised pollen grains is known as palynology. The male part of flowering plants is the stamen.

What is the function of style?

One major function of the style is to assist with fertilization by being the location where pollen tubes travel to deliver sperm cells to the egg. The other major function of the style is to help defend the ovary from pollen that is incompatible with the plant.

Is pollen tube unicellular or multicellular?

The pollen grain is an extremely simple multicellular structure. The outer wall of the pollen grain, the exine, is composed of resistant material provided by both the tapetum (sporophyte generation) and the microspore (gametophyte generation). The inner wall, the intine, is produced by the microspore.

Why is pollen germination important?

Pollen acts as a vehicle for the transfer of male gametes to embryo of female plant. Pollen viability is an important factor in successful hybridization which may last from few minutes mostly in self-pollinated crops to many hours or days in cross pollinated crops.

Which element is useful for seed germination *?

Phosphorus is an important element required for seed germination in plants. It is necessary for seed germination, protein formation and metabolism in plants. Absorbed as phosphate ions. It is part of proteins, nucleic acids, and nucleotides.

How do you prepare pollen for germination?

Prepare the pollen germination medium by dissolving 10 grams sucrose, 10 milligrams boric acid, 30 milligrams magnesium sulphate and 20 milligrams potassium nitrate in 100ml of distilled water. Using a glass rod, stir the solution to mix it well.

What are the four stages of fertilization?

The stages of fertilization can be divided into four processes: 1) sperm preparation, 2) sperm-egg recognition and binding, 3) sperm-egg fusion and 4) fusion of sperm and egg pronuclei and activation of the zygote.

What are the 6 steps of fertilization?

What are the 6 steps of fertilization?

  • Sperm Capacitation.
  • Sperm-Zona Pellucida Binding.
  • The Acrosome Reaction.
  • Penetration of the Zona Pellucida.
  • Sperm-Oocyte Binding.
  • Egg Activation and the Cortical Reaction.
  • The Zona Reaction.
  • Post-fertilization Events.

Which part of the flower continue to develop after fertilization?

After fertilisation, the female parts of the flower develop into a fruit: the ovary wall becomes the rest of the fruit.

What are the characteristics of a pollen tube?

Compatible pollen tubes grew rapidly down the style and were characterized by small widely spaced, intermittent callose plugs and the absence of terminal plugs. Incompatible tubes were slower growing, often stopping completely, and had heavy depositions of callose tissue along and at the end of the tube.

What is function of pollen tube?

The pollen tube (PT) is a unique and specialized structure in plants. Its sole purpose is to deliver sperm cells to the female gametophyte for double fertilization. Essentially, it is a thread–like structure spanning from the pollen shell toward the tip.

Where does pollen germinate on?

In non-flowering seed plants, pollen germinates in the pollen chamber, located beneath the micropyle, underneath the integuments of the ovule. A pollen tube is produced, which grows into the nucellus to provide nutrients for the developing sperm cells.

What is fertilization explain with diagram?

Fertilization is the fusion of male gamete with the female gamete. Once the pollen grains settle on the stigma of the flower they form pollen tube. The pollen tube grows towards the ovary through style. Once the pollen tube reaches the ovary its tip dissolves to release the pollen grain.

What is fertilization short answer?

Fertilization: The process of combining the male gamete, or sperm, with the female gamete, or ovum. The product of fertilization is a cell called a zygote.

What is difference between internal and external fertilization?

Complete answer: Internal fertilization is the process when the syngamy (union of male and female gamete) occurs inside the female body after insemination using copulation. In contrast, External fertilization is the syngamy outside the female body, that is in the outer environment especially in water bodies.



Leave a comment