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Which type of growth is found in pollen tube?

Which type of growth is found in pollen tube? Pollen tubes extend exclusively at the cell apex via an extreme form of polar growth, known as tip growth, producing uniformly shaped cylindrical cells. Pollen tube elongation can be extremely rapid, for example, reaching 1 cm h1 in maize pollen tubes and growth is usually oscillatory.

What is fertilization in plants for Class 5?

In plants, fertilization is a process of sexual reproduction, which occurs after pollination and germination. Fertilization can be defined as the fusion of the male gametes (pollen) with the female gametes (ovum) to form a diploid zygote. It is a physicochemical process which occurs after the pollination of the carpel.

Which hormone helps in the formation of pollen tube?

IAA stimulates pollen tube growth and changes tube shape

In the present study, IAA was the most effective hormone prompting tube growth (Fig. 1). Moreover, IAA led to a longer, straighter, and slender tube shape compared with the short, kinked control tubes (Fig.

What are the characteristics of pollen tube?

Compatible pollen tubes grew rapidly down the style and were characterized by small widely spaced, intermittent callose plugs and the absence of terminal plugs. Incompatible tubes were slower growing, often stopping completely, and had heavy depositions of callose tissue along and at the end of the tube.

What color is the pollen tube?

Pollen , pollen, minute grains, usually yellow in color but occasionally white, brown, red, or purple, borne in the anther sac at the tip of the slender filam… Monoecious. Applied to an organism in which separate male and female organs occur on the same individual (e.g. to a plant which bears male and fema…

What is fertilization explain with diagram?

Fertilization is the fusion of male gamete with the female gamete. Once the pollen grains settle on the stigma of the flower they form pollen tube. The pollen tube grows towards the ovary through style. Once the pollen tube reaches the ovary its tip dissolves to release the pollen grain.

What is fertilization short answer?

Fertilization: The process of combining the male gamete, or sperm, with the female gamete, or ovum. The product of fertilization is a cell called a zygote.

What is difference between internal and external fertilization?

Complete answer: Internal fertilization is the process when the syngamy (union of male and female gamete) occurs inside the female body after insemination using copulation. In contrast, External fertilization is the syngamy outside the female body, that is in the outer environment especially in water bodies.

What is the main function of pollen tube?

The pollen tube (PT) is a unique and specialized structure in plants. Its sole purpose is to deliver sperm cells to the female gametophyte for double fertilization. Essentially, it is a thread–like structure spanning from the pollen shell toward the tip.

Is pollen tube unicellular or multicellular?

The pollen grain is an extremely simple multicellular structure. The outer wall of the pollen grain, the exine, is composed of resistant material provided by both the tapetum (sporophyte generation) and the microspore (gametophyte generation). The inner wall, the intine, is produced by the microspore.

What happens when the pollen tube reaches the ovule?

A pollen tube grows through the tissues of the flower until it reaches an ovule inside the ovary . The nucleus of the pollen grain (the male gamete ) then passes along the pollen tube and joins with the nucleus of the ovule (the female gamete). This process is called fertilisation .

Where is pollen made in a plant?

Stamen: The pollen producing part of a flower, usually with a slender filament supporting the anther. Anther: The part of the stamen where pollen is produced.

What is inside a pollen grain?

Pollen consists of one or more vegetative cells and a reproductive cell. A pollen grain itself is not the male gamete. In angiosperms and certain gymnosperms, the vegetative cell forms the pollen tube that grows to meet the unfertilized ovules, and the reproductive cell is the source of the sperm.

Where do the pollen germinate naturally?

The pollen grains germinate naturally on the stigma of compatible flower. They develop pollen tubes that helps to deliver sperm nuclei inside the embryo sac where fertilization takes place.

How does pollen travel down the style?

The anther produces pollen (male reproductive cells). … During the process of fertilization, pollen lands on the stigma, a tube grows down the style and enters the ovary. Male reproductive cells travel down the tube and join with the ovule, fertilizing it.

What is double fertilization explain with diagram?

The process of fusion of one male gamete with the egg along with the union of the second male gamete with the two polar nuclei or the secondary nucleus is called double fertilisation. Out of the two male gametes, one fuses with the egg to carry out generative fertilisation or syngamy.

What is the fertilization process?

Fertilization happens when a sperm cell successfully meets an egg cell in the fallopian tube. Once fertilization takes place, this newly fertilized cell is called a zygote. From here, the zygote will move down the fallopian tube and into the uterus. The zygote then burrows into the uterus lining.

How does fertilization take place in plants explain with diagram?

Fertilization in plants: In plants, pollination is followed by fertilization. Once the pollen grains are deposited on the stigma, it forms the pollen tube. … The pollen tube normally enters the ovule through a small opening called micropyle. Inside the ovule, the pollen tube releases two male gametes into the embryo sac.

What happens when egg is fertilized Class 8?

During fertilization, the nuclei of the sperm and the egg fuse to form a single nucleus. This results in the formation of a fertilized egg or zygote. The zygote is the beginning of a new individual. The process of fertilization is the meeting of an egg cell from the mother and a sperm cell from the father.

What is the fertilization process?

Fertilisation occurs when a sperm fuses with the female act during intercourse and further forms an egg that gets implanted in uterus of the female. The sperm travels through the fallopian tube and penetrates the zona pellucida layer of the ovum (female egg) and fuses with it which forms zygote (fertilized egg).

What is double fertilization class 10th?

Double fertilization : It occurs when one male nucleus fertilizes (fuses) with egg cell to form zygote cell and other male nucleus fuses (fertilizes) with two polar nuclei to cause triple fusion.

What is an example of external fertilization?

Fish. Salmon, cod, trout, and char are all examples of the fish that externally fertilize. The female and male both release their gametes into the water, where they diffuse together and fertilize. … Within iteroparous fish, they usually give no parental care with external fertilization.

What is the major disadvantage of external fertilization?

Unlike internal fertilization, a large number of gametes need to be produced by the male and female to ensure reproductive success. A water body is required to initiate external fertilization. … It is a reproductive disadvantage for most of the animals because most of the gametes die without being fertilized.

Where does external fertilization occur?

External fertilization in animals usually occurs in water or in damp areas in a process called spawning. Moisture in the environment keeps the gametes from drying out. Moisture is also important so the eggs and sperm can move around freely, which lets them meet and fuse.



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